Evgeny Igorevich Tarelkin was born on December 29, 1974 in Chita Oblast, Russia.
Tarelkin graduated from High School and began military services at Yeisk Higher Military Aviation School from which he graduated in 1996. He continued his studies at the Air Force Academy until 1998.
Later in 1998, he transferred to the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center where he served as a senior test engineer. He flew aboard the L-29, L-39 and IL-76 Aircraft logging more than 207 hours. Tarelkin is a parachute instructor with more than 400 jumps and he is a qualified diver with more than 250 hours under water. Tarelkin is a Lieutenant Colonel in the Air Force.
In May 2002, he completed initial medical exams before being approved as a Cosmonaut Candidate in May 2003 beginning two years of basic training and evaluations at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center.
In July 2005, he became a Test Cosmonaut being approved by the Interdepartmental Qualification Committee and continued training in Star City before being assigned to duties at the Johnson Space Center as a representative of the Russian Space Agency. In 2010, he was assigned to his current crew as part of the backup crew for Soyuz TMA-04M and prime crew member for the Soyuz TMA-06M and ISS Expedition 33/34 mission.
Earlier in 2010. Tarelkin completed Soyuz survival training in a forest near Moscow with Oleg Skipotchka and Alexander Kaleri. In March 2012, he completed his final evaluation for the Russian Life Support System aboard ISS – an 8-hour simulation inside the ISS mock-up. The training committee declared him ready to operate the system and handle contingencies.
In April, he and his crew completed final tests aboard the Soyuz and ISS simulator passing with excellent results and being approved for the mission on April 25. In October 2012, Tarelkin will begin his first space flight – launching aboard the Soyuz TMA-06M Spacecraft on which he will serve as a Flight Engineer. At the International Space Station, Tarelkin will work as a flight engineer during Expedition 33/34.
Tarelkin is married and has a daughter.